Colon Cancer Screening: Virtual Colonoscopy / CT Colonography
Computed tomographic (CT) scanning of the colon for masses is often referred to as Virtual Colonoscopy. It is a reasonable, but incomplete and potentially confusing term. The three-dimensional rendering and viewing of the inside of the colon by CT (the part that looks like a fiberoptic colonoscopy, thus virtual colonoscopy) is only one of several ways the colon is evaluated as part of a CT colon study. The preferred term currently is CT Colonography. This also helps avoid confusion with fiberoptic colonoscopy when discussing or ordering these studies.
What is CT colonography?
CT colonography is a high-speed CT study that captures images of the air-distended colon. The images are acquired as a volume that can be viewed as two- dimensional slices and three-dimensional (colonoscopy-like) images. These images are processed and viewed at a specialized computer workstation that allows real-time interactive evaluation for colon masses.
How is it performed?
How is the study interpreted?
The studies are analyzed on a state-of- the-art Vital Images workstation by a radiologist specialized in body imaging. These studies generate nearly a thousand images to be reviewed in several different formats and several radiologists may review the images, thus interpretation often takes longer than a typical radiology study. In addition, as we build our local experience, we are currently having some studies overread by an outside consultant. Thus, final results may not be available for up to one to two weeks. Please plan patient follow up appointments accordingly. If more immediate results are needed a preliminary report can generally be issued.
What are the advantages and disadvantages of CT colonography compared to fiberoptic colonoscopy?
For whom is CT Colonography appropriate? (Indications and contraindications):
There is no official answer to this question. General screening guidelines published studies on CT colonography and consultation with his or her personal physician, the radiologist, and as needed a gastroenterologist, can help determine if CT colonoscopy is a reasonable alternative for any given patient.
The American Cancer Society recommends that average risk people 50 years of age and older be screened for colon cancer by one of the following:
Based on published studies to date, presentations from centers with experience in CT colonography and our own experience with these studies, we have a general sense of where CT colonography may fit into a screening program. Although not quantitatively proven, CT colonography can probably be considered at least a barium enema equivalent, and many with experience in the field consider CT colonography superior to barium enema for lesion sensitivity and patient comfort.
Potential Indications for CT colonography:
Given a relatively high prior probability of colon cancer in these patients consider starting with fiberoptic colonoscopy unless there is a compelling reason use an alternative examination.
We do not accept patient self-referral at this time. Referrals must be made through the physician’s office. We feel that this approach is necessary to facilitate any necessary follow up care or patient counseling by the referring physician.
Screening (asymptomatic) patients: CT colonography for asymptomatic patients is not currently covered by insurance. Patients are expected to pay for screening CT colonography at the time of service.
Diagnostic (symptomatic) patients: See note on indications above. Insurance carriers may cover some or all of the costs of the base, noncontrast CT and the multiplanar reformation charges.
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